Advances in the treatment of diabetes.

Advances in the treatment of diabetes are being discussed around the world. To date, however, no treatment of type I or type II diabetes is accepted by the medical community.

Type 1 diabetes causes the destruction of beta cells in the pancreas that excrete insulin. Insulin converts sugar into the blood system into energy that cells can absorb and use. People with type 1 diabetes need insulin for the rest of their lives. Type II diabetes is caused by the destruction of insulin receptors on the cell surface, making the cells resistant to insulin. Type 2 diabetes can be treated with medications and / or lifestyle changes.

The research uses controversial embryonic stem cells as well as adult stem cells. However, due to the moral and political debate about embryonic stem cells, this treatment path is progressing slowly. People who believe that life begins during pregnancy strongly reject embryonic stem cell research as it comes from human embryos that were destroyed during the process. Embryonic stem cells do not mature in human cells and have the greatest potential for becoming any type of human body cells, including hair, skin, blood and beta cells.

In Amazonian forests, many weed roots are being studied that can lower blood sugar levels, normalize urination, and eliminate diabetic glucose in the urine. In Brazil, Pfaffia root has been used for years for the treatment of diabetes symptoms. Pata-de-vaca is also widely used in Brazil for the treatment of diabetes.

In China and other parts of Asia, many of the herbs studied help reduce blood sugar levels, and some reduce the effects of vasoconstriction, as is the case with diabetes.
Cocoa is another natural product investigated. A study in Germany has shown that high flavanol cocoa improves cardiovascular health. In particular, the study aimed to test the effectiveness of cocoa in long-term use. Forty-one stable type 2 diabetes patients were given cocoa that contained a high dose of flavanol compared to low flavor cocoa. During the study, researchers found that flavanol in cocoa had a positive impact on the foot-and-mouth disease response of diabetics. The researchers concluded that these results were due to an increase in nitric oxide production. Nitric oxide is a chemical that sends signals to the arteries to relax and expand in response to increased blood flow. This relaxation of the arteries requires pressure from the heart and blood vessels.

The University of Pennsylvania is currently conducting clinical trials for a new surgical procedure called carrot cell transplantation. With this new procedure, doctors transplant islet cells from a compatible donor. Beta cells are pancreatic cells that secrete insulin. The procedure applies to type I diabetics whose beta cells have been destroyed. It does not produce insulin. These patients need insulin treatment for the rest of their lives, including during the course of the disease. This insulin treatment can be very expensive. With the transplantation of the cells of the island, many patients say as soon as the stem cells are implanted in the liver, the body begins to give warning signals when the blood sugar level drops. Many former Type 1 diabetics had no warning and were often in a state of darkness that could be dangerous when driving or when performing other critical tasks. Most patients now require two surgeries to make insulin.

Advances in the treatment of diabetes are being discussed around the world. To date, however, no treatment of type I or type II diabetes is accepted by the medical community.

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